movement of photons and particles at the quantum level do
not escape its notice. It can digitize matter, store data and perfectly recall every piece of information it gathers. It can make
decisions at a rate approaching the speed of light.
Any national effort must mandate leveraging breakthroughs
in cyber, network and sensor technologies in a converged
environment. The goal is supremacy in global information
dominance to support foreign policy and the military lever of
national power that can be used to political or kinetic advantage. Achieving asymmetric superiority has strategic implications for the United States should the country embrace it. It
could establish the measure of U.S. intelligence dominance for
the next generation, provide the functional underpinning of
the Defense Department’s third offset strategy—which aims
to outmaneuver adversaries through technological advances—
and perhaps provide a modern definition of superpower.
The rapid convergence of control, communications and
statistical theory—the three major tributaries of the digital
age—has raised the technical maturity and sophistication
of other nations’ military and intelligence services and cre-
ated a watershed moment for U.S. national security. Open
source development, hyperconnectivity, ubiquitous access
to high-performance computing, widespread knowledge of
information system vulnerabilities and inexpensive storage
have eroded the protective levees—such as proprietary solu-
tions and intellectual property protections—that the country
once relied on to maintain warfighting dominance and to
create sanctuaries for its most fragile intelligence sources. The
proliferation of sensors and the realization of a global Internet
of Things (Io T) threaten the capacity to project national power
surreptitiously and decisively. Deep and dark web resources
accessed by criminal gangs and intelligence operatives using
darknet technologies have undermined the United States’ abil-
ity to covertly prosecute interests around the globe.
The inexorable force of this evolutionary technological current is formidable, and the nation is powerless to change its
course. To secure its future, the United States will have to harness its power. The trinity approach aims to leverage the trends
of big sensor, big data and big cyber to boost national power
Big sensor refers to the U.S. investment in sensors, sensor
platforms, national technical means and the extension of the
global concept of the Io T into 3-D space. Outer space contains
about 1,100 active satellites, both government- and privately
owned, and growing. The One Web project alone envisions a
constellation of approximately 700 satellites and is expected to
provide affordable global Internet broadband service to individual mobile consumers as early as 2019. Samsung has proposed a constellation of 4,600 satellites orbiting at about 1,400
kilometers (900 miles) that could bring 200 gigabytes of Internet data per month to 5 billion people. The Defense Advanced
Research Projects Agency’s (DARPA’s) SeeMe program aims to
give U.S. warfighters access to on-demand, space-based tactical
information in remote and beyond-line-of-sight conditions.
If successful, SeeMe will allow small squads and individual
teams to receive timely imagery of their specific overseas
location directly from a small satellite with the press of a button—something that today’s military or commercial satellites
cannot do. Many of these systems also will provide other sensing capabilities.
The world is flooded with image-producing sensors. In
2014, more than 245 million professionally installed video
surveillance cameras were active and operational around the
globe. In 2013, the United Kingdom boasted one camera for
every 11 people, and Asia is projected to account for 68 percent of the installed closed-circuit television (CCTV) base by
the end of the year. Many of these cameras have active and/or
passive infrared (IR) capabilities for low-light video capture.
Some are motion-triggered, wireless and accessible online.
Add to that the billions of iPhones, GoPro cameras and other
nonprofessionally installed, networked cameras or drones
moving annotated and geotagged high-resolution, full-motion
color video around the Internet.
The big sensor concept is that the world, from the bottom
of the sea to the vast reaches of outer space, is being instrumented by us and for us and that those devices are moving
information in an ever-more-networked environment to data
ingest points. It is at this juncture where the idea of big data
comes into play.
In the trinity, big data is much more than the cloud and
cloud analytics. Big data attempts to capture the transcendental nature of data as illustrated by the creation of new forms
Star Communications, Inc.
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